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Bài Giải Chi Tiết Môn Anh TN THPT 2014

                     KỲ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT 2014
                               Môn thi : TIẾNG ANH
                    (Trắc nghiệm: 40 phút, viết: 20 phút)
                                   -------------------                                                                     Mã đề : 296

I. PHẦN TRẮC NGHIỆM (30 câu; 7,5 điểm)

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined is pronounced differently from that of the rest in each of the following questions.

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Question 1:A. hear: /hɪə(r)/         
                   B. clear: /klɪə(r)/         
                   C. near: /nɪə(r)/          
                   D. bear: /beə(r)/
Question 2:A. believes: / bɪˈliːvz/                                   
                   B. rejects: / rɪˈdʒekts/
                   C. maintains: /meɪnˈteɪnz/ 
                   D.confides: /kənˈfaɪdz/
Question 3:A. laugh: / lɑːf /         
                   B. enough: /ɪˈnʌf/      
                   C. high: /haɪ/             
                   D. cough: / kɒf/

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 4 to 8.

       In Britain, greetings cards (Question 4) are sold in chain stores and supermarkets, in newsagents’ shops, corner shops and, increasingly, in shops that specialize in the sale of cards and paper for wrapping presents in.
       The most common cards are birthday and Christmas cards. Many Christmas cards are sold in aid of charity and special ‘charity card shops’ are often set up in temporary premises in the weeks before Christmas. A wide variety of birthday cards is available to cater for different ages and tastes (Question 5 – câu này dẫn dắt cho câu kế tiếp, và some thay cho birthday cards để khỏi lặp lại). Some, especially ones for young children or for people celebrating a particular birthday, have the person’s age on the front. Many have comic, often risqué, messages printed on them, and cartoon-style illustrations. Others are more sober, with reproductions of famous paintings or attractive original designs. The usual greeting on a birthday card is ‘Happy Birthday’, ‘Many Happy Returns’ or ‘Best Wishes for a Happy Birthday’. (Question 6)
       Some people also send special cards for Easter and New Year. Easter cards either portray images of spring, such as chicks, eggs, lambs, spring flowers, etc, or have a religious theme.
       Cards are produced for every ‘milestone’ in a person’s life. There are special cards for an engagement, a marriage, a new home, a birth, success in an examination, retirement, a death in the family, etc. Some are ‘good luck’ or ‘congratulations’ cards. Others, for example ‘get well’ cards for people who are ill, express sympathy.
(Extracted from The Oxford Advanced Learner’s Encyclopedic Dictionary)
Question 4: What is the passage mainly about? (Ý chính của đoạn văn là gì?)
       A. Easter Cards                     
       B. Greetings Cards              
       C. Christmas Cards               
       D. Birthday Cards
Question 5: The word ‘some’ in paragraph 2 refers to_______. (Từ ‘some’ trong đoạn 2 ám chỉ_____?)
       A. young children                 
       B. ages and tastes                  
       C. birthday cards                
       D. card shops
Question 6: Which of the following is NOT the usual greeting on a birthday card? (Cái nào sau đây không phải là lời chúc thường thấy trong thiệp sinh nhật?)
       A. ‘Many Happy Returns’                                        
       B. ‘Good luck’(cái này không có trong bài)         
       C. ‘Happy Birthday’                                                 
       D. ‘Best Wishes for a Happy Birthday’
Question 7: The word ‘milestone in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to________. (Từ ‘milestone’ trong đoạn 4 gần nghĩa với_________?)
       A. a convenient way
       B. a positive view                  
       C. an important event (dấu ấn quan trọng trong đời)                              
       D. a special gift
Question 8: It can be inferred from the passage that________. (Có thể kết luận từ đoạn văn_________)
                   A. greetings cards are not very popular in Britain. (ngay câu đầu đã cho thấy greeting cards bán khắp nơi ở nước anh, suy ra nó rất phổ biến => loại)                     
                   B. greetings cards are for children only (sai vì greeting cards dành cho mọi lứa tuổi – đoạn 2 bắt đầu từ Some => loại)                               
                   C. greetings cards are used on many different occasions (chính xác – đoạn 2 và 3 =>chọn)         
                   D. there are few choices of birthday cards (sai vì đoạn 4 nói có nhiều loại thiệp => loại)

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions

Question 9: She wrote her essay carefully to avoid________  mistakes. (Cô ta viết bài luận rất cẩn thận nhằm tránh lỗi sai)
                   A. make                     
                   B. making (avoid + V_ing, câu chủ động)
                   C. being made           
                   D. to make
Question 10: This is the supermarket________ you can buy almost everything. (Đây là siêu thị nơi mà bạn có thể mua hầu hết mọi thứ)
                   A. who                      
                   B. when                     
                   C. that                       
                   D. where (đại từ quan hệ chỉ nơi chốn thay thế cho supermarket)
Question 11: I woke up when the alarm clock________. (Tôi thức dạy khi đồng hồ hẹn giờ tắt)
                   A. went off (tắt, ngắt)                                 
                   B. turned off (tắt)     
                   C. put off (trì hoãn, cởi (quần áo))               
                   D. took off (cởi (quần áo), cất cánh (máy bay))
Question 12: Jack: ‘Can I borrow your notes, please?’ (Jill, vui lòng cho tao mượn bài tóm tắt của mày được không?)
                     Jill: ‘________’.
                   A. No, thanks. (Không, cám ơn)                  
                   B. Yes, sure. (Uh, được chứ)                      
                   C. Yes, I can (Được, tôi có thể) => Nếu Yes, you can: đúng
                   D. Well done! (làm tốt lắm)
Question 13: We are worried________  the current situation of environmental pollution in our country. (Chúng tôi đang lo lắng về tình trạng ô nhiễm môi trường trong nước)
                   A. about (worry + about: lo lắng về)         
                   B. of                          
                   C. on                          
                   D. at
Question 14: It is becoming________  challenging to find a good job nowadays. (Tìm được công việc ở thời điểm hiện nay ngày càng khó)
                   A. more and more (+  adj)                          
                   B. the more (dùng trong so sánh kép)          
                   C. better and better (trái nghĩa với câu trên)
                   D. the better
Question 15: Candidates have to attach their birth________  to their applications for this position. (Ứng viên phải đính kèm giấy khai sinh vào đơn xin việc cho vị trí ứng tuyển)
                   A. degrees (bằng cấp, học vị)                       
                   B. diplomas (bằng cấp)                                 
                   C. qualifications (năng lực)                          
                   D. certificates (chứng chỉ)
Question 16: It is boring in here. Let’s go ________  else for a change. (Ở đây chán quá. Kiếm chỗ nào đó thay đổi đi)
                   A. nowhere (nơi chốn (dạng phủ định))       
                   B. something (vật (dạng khẳng định))          
                   C. nothing (vật (dạng phủ định))                  
                   D. somewhere (nơi chốn (dạng khẳng định))
Question 17: My students promised that they would hand in their assignments________. (Học sinh hứa rằng họ sẽ nộp bài tập về nhà vào ngày kế tiếp – đây là câu tường thuật)
                   A. yesterday (ngày hôm qua)                       
                   B. tomorrow (ngày mai)                               
                   C. the following day (ngày kế tiếp)            
                   D. the previous day (ngày trước đó)
Question 18: The money that I earn is enough to________   my family’s basic needs. (Số tiền tôi kiếm được chỉ đủ đáp ứng nhu cầu cơ bản của gia đình)
       A. take                                   
       B. meet (đáp ứng)                
       C. give                                   
       D. see
Question 19: Jane is a(n)________  girl so she finds it easy to make friends with other students. (Jane là một cô bé hòa đồng vì thế nó rất dễ dàng kết bạn với các học sinh khác)
       A. honest (trung thực)           
       B. sociable (hòa đồng)         
       C. kind (tử tế)                       
       D. shy (ngại ngùng)
Question 20: Peter would not have been late for the interview if he ______ the bus. (Peter sẽ không đi phỏng vấn trễ nếu anh ta không lỡ chuyến xe buýt)
    A. didn’t miss                    
    B. doesn’t miss                  
    C. hasn’t missed                
    D. hadn’t missed (điều kiện loại 3)
Question 21: We will leave ______ the rain stops. (Chúng tôi sẽ đi ngay khi mưa dừng)
    A. as soon as = when (khi)                                            
    B. while (trong khi)           
    C. during (trong suốt)        
    D. until (cho đến khi)
Question 22: Harry Potter books, which _____ by J.K. Rowling, are very popular with children around the world. (Sách Harry Potter, được viết bởi J.K. Rowling, rất phổ biến đối với trẻ em trên thế giới)
    A. will write                      
    B. wrote                             
    C. were written (câu bị động ở quá khứ)                    
    D. will be written (dạng bị động ở tương lai)
Question 23: Scientists have proposed a possible ______ to the problem of global warming. (Các nhà khoa học đã đề nghị một giải pháp đối với vấn đề ấm lên toàn cầu)
    A. solution (giải pháp)     
    B. effect (tác dụng)           
    C. result (kết quả)              
    D. plan (kế hoạch)

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.

Question 24: The woman decided to devote herself full-time to social work. (Cô ấy đã quyết định cống hiến toàn bộ thời gian vào công tác xã hội)
    A. help (giúp đỡ)               
    B. bring (mang lại)             
    C. dedicate (cống hiến)    
    D. determine (quyết định)
Question 25: We should join hands to make our city green, clean and elegant. (Chúng ta nên chung tay làm cho thành phố xanh, sạch, và thanh lịch.)
    A. put together (đặt cạnh nhau)                                      
    B. make decisions (ra quyết định)                                   
    C. take action (hành động)
    D. work together (cùng nhau làm việc)

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 26 to 30

Most people today take relatively little general exercise. Over the last 30 or 40 year lifestyles have changed considerably and many people now travel even (26) ______ shortest distances by car or bus. Lack of exercise combined with eating too many fatty and sugary foods has meant that many people are becoming too fat. Experts are particularly concerned that children (27)_____ a lot of their free time watching television or playing computer games instead of being physically active.
In recent years, however, there has been a growing (28)_______ in fitness among young adults and many belong to a sports club or gym. Membership of a sports club or gym can be (29)_______ and not everyone can afford the subscription. Local sports centres are generally cheaper. Evening classes are also cheap and offer a wide variety of fitness activities ranging (30)_______ yoga to jazz dancing. Some companies now provide sports facilities for their employees or contribute to the cost of joining a gym.
(Extracted from The Oxford Guide to British and American Culture - Oxford Advanced Learner’s Compass)
Question 26:   A. the (+ danh từ số nhiều)
                        B. an (+ danh từ số ít bắt đầu bằng nguyên âm)    
                        C. a (+ danh từ số ít bắt đầu bằng phụ âm)
                        D. one (+ danh từ số ít)
Question 27:   A. spend (+ time + V_ing: bỏ thời gian làm gì đó)                                       
                        B. get                      
                        C. make                   
                        D. take
Question 28:   A. interestingly (adv)                                             
                        B. interested (adj)   
                        C. interesting (adj)  
                        D. interest (n): (growing (adj)), cấu trúc: a/an + (adv) + adj + noun))       
Question 29:   A. popular               
                        B. cheap                  
                        C. expensive: mắc (not everyone can afford the subscription: không phải ai cũng có khả năng đăng ký)        
                        D. easy
Question 30:   A. at                        
                        B. in                        
                        C. from (range from…to…: sắp xếp từ…đến)  
                        D. on

II. PHẦN VIẾT (2,5 điểm)
Write a paragraph about the school subject that you like best. You should write at least 80 words.

Math is my favorite subject because it is much interesting for me to bring up a complex problem. I like working on numbers, fractions, decimals and so much more. Nowadays, Math applications are also used in the real world not only in a calculation like telling time, adding, dividing, or percentage, but in a future career like engineering, architect, teaching and a lot more. Besides, Math is a subject which requires me to have logical thoughts in order to quickly and easily figure out a nice solution. Unlike other disciplines, such as history, literature, and biology, a result in mathematics is true for all-time. Those are why I have a special attraction towards mathematics.

ð  Nhớ đón xem bài giải chi tiết môn Anh TSĐH 2014 ngay sau khi kết thúc môn thi nhé!

NHỚ BẤM LIKE BÊN TAY TRÁI MÀN HÌNH ĐỂ CHIA SẺ CHO BẠN BÈ NHÉ.


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Have a good one!
Tommy Bảo - Yêu Tiếng Anh

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